Who is a Japanese policeman?
Japanese policeman & ndash; this is a phraseological unit that is used as an interjection (words that designate certain emotions and feelings in writing, but do not call them, – note AiF.ru). It is an exclamation expressing an extreme degree of surprise, says the Phraseological Dictionary of the Russian language (compiled by A.A. Legostaev, S.V. Loginov. & Ndash; Rostov n/D, 2003).
Where did the expression come from “ Japanese policeman? ''
This exclamation appeared in Russia at the end of the 19th century after the assassination attempt on the future Tsar Nicholas II in the Japanese city of Otsu. The local policeman attacked the Tsarevich. The assassination attempt had a strong resonance in Russia: people were surprised that a Japanese policeman, instead of ensuring the safety of people, attacked a man with a saber.
What is known about the assassination attempt?
In 1890-1891, the twenty-year-old Tsarevich Nikolai Alexandrovich went on a journey across Eurasia to get acquainted with the state structure and traditions of the Eastern & nbsp; countries. The trip lasted more than nine months, with Japan being the last destination.
The attempted assassination of the Tsarevich, dubbed the Otsu incident. happened on May 11 (April 29 old style) 1891. On this day, the Greek prince George , Tsarevich Nicholas and the Japanese prince Arisugawa Takehito departed from Kyoto to the city of Otsu, located on the shores of Lake Biwa. There they visited the Mii-dera temple, walked along the lake on a steamer and had breakfast at the governor's house.
At noon, the procession with representatives of the ruling dynasties headed for Kyoto. Due to the narrowness of the streets, they rode not in horse-drawn carriages, but in rickshaws. Nikolay was in the fifth wheelchair, Georg & ndash; in the sixth, and Arisugawa & ndash; in the seventh, other rickshaws were occupied by representatives of the Japanese authorities and members of the retinue. In Otsu, the procession was greeted by the Japanese waving flags, and the police followed the order.
As the rickshaws were driving along Shimo-Kogarasaki Street, one of the police officers, Tsuda Sanzo , suddenly rushed to Nikolai's carriage and managed to deliver two glancing blows with his saber. The Tsarevich jumped out of the carriage and started to run. Tsudu Sanzo was captured.
The Russian Tsarevich received wounds to his head, ear and hand. He was subsequently stitched. Although Nikolai's injuries were not severe, his father, Emperor Alexander III and the Russian Foreign Ministry decided to interrupt his trip to Japan.
Many members of the Japanese government feared that the assassination attempt could lead to war between the countries. Minister of the Interior Saigo Tsugumichi , Minister of Foreign Affairs Aoki Shuzo and Minister of Justice Yamada Akiyoshi have resigned, Governor of Shiga Prefecture where Otsu is located , Oki Morikata was fired.
Police Tsuda Sanzo wanted to be sentenced to death, but at that time there was no article that punished attacks on representatives of royal families and missions of foreign states accepted. As a result, the crime was qualified as attempted murder, and the court sentenced the policeman to hard labor for life. A few months after the judgment, Tsuda Sanzo died in a prison on the island of Hokkaido, according to the official version, from pneumonia. & Nbsp;