Wives and mistresses of Peter I the Great. infographics
9 June, Peter I was born, who went down in history as a great reformer and Emperor of All Russia. Exactly 350 years have passed since the era of his reign. The Tsar of All Russia was remembered by the Russian people for his inconstancy of character, love for the Western way of life and reformism. A special part of his life was occupied by women. Peter I was very loving and had a special weakness for beautiful ladies. ” width=”130″ style=”display: block;” />
How many wives and mistresses did Peter I the Great have?
According to historians, the great sovereign cheated on his wives until the end of his days. In & nbsp; his life there were many fleeting hobbies that historians could not even fix. According to the official version, Peter I had two wives and six mistresses (one of whom later became his lawful wife).
Evdokia (Praskovya) Lopukhina
The first wife of Peter I. The marriage of the tsar with Evdokia Lopukhina was personally approved by the mother of Peter I — Natalia Naryshkina. The latter went to the Lopukhins to make sure that the bride had no physical defects. The wedding was played in accordance with the norms of the ancient rite of the grand ducal times. The bride's dress weighed 20 kilograms, so she was led by the arm of the boyars.
The first three years, according to historians, the couple spent in love and harmony. However, this did not prevent the great king from cheating on his wife. Rumors about her husband's infidelity reached the queen instantly, but she turned a blind eye to this, finding peace in children. Evdokia bore the king two sons: Alexander died in infancy, Alexei — at 28 years. — Anna Monswhich the king often visited. After the death of Natalya Alekseevna (Naryshkina), Peter I finally lost interest in his wife, and a few years later he ordered her to be tonsured as a nun. Evdokia was exiled to the Suzdal-Pokrovsky Monastery. Peter I completely crossed her out of his life, depriving her of all financial benefits. Later, for unknown reasons, the maintenance of the former queen improved, she left the monastery and moved to private rooms on the territory of the monastery. After some time, Evdokia was accused of having a love affair with the major of the recruiting set in Suzdal, Stepan Glebov. By order of the king, he was executed, and the former queen was again exiled to the monastery, where she stayed until the death of her ex-husband. Evdokia managed to return to the royal court for a short while, when her grandson — Peter II, son of the deceased Tsarevich Alexei. But and Peter II soon died. Evdokia refused the rights to the throne, transferring them to the cousin of Peter II — Anna Ioannovna. The new queen, as a sign of gratitude, appointed Lopukhina the royal content. A year later, the first wife of Peter I died.
Ekaterina I Alekseevna (Marta Skavronskaya)
Second wife of Peter I. Marta Samuilovna Skavronskaya, who later changed her name and patronymic name to Ekaterina Alekseevna, first became the mistress of the king, then — wife. At the same time, Ekaterina Alekseevna was previously seen in love relationships with Field Marshal Sheremetyev, and also with Prince Menshikov >, who, at the request of the king, gave her to him.
Catherine became an indispensable companion of the Russian sovereign. She accompanied him on military campaigns, on trips for border.
The second wife of Peter I gave birth to the sovereign eight children: Catherine(1707–1708), Anna (1708–1728), Elizabeth (1709–1762), Natalia (1713–1715), >Margarita (1714–1715), Natalia (1718–1725). The queen gave the emperor and sons, but they died in infancy: Peter (1715–1719) and Paul (1 January 1717–14 January 1717);< /p>
Peter married Ekaterina in 1712 year. The newlyweds got married in the small chapel of Prince Menshikov. The choice of the Russian monarch was vigorously discussed among the people, Catherine was not recognized even by the court nobility. Many of contemporaries paid attention to her bad taste and low origin (presumably born in a poor family in Livland).
Ekaterina was 12 years younger than Peter. In recent years, the emperor began to get sick. The queen was still full of strength and passion. Willy Mons has appeared in her environment, who was the brother of the first mistress of Peter I — Anna Mons. So, Catherine and Willy started an affair. About their love relationship became known in 1724 year. At the end of this year, the Emperor of All Russia executed a rival and personally brought to his wife on a tray the severed head of her lover. Ekaterina fell into disgrace of her husband. She lost her maintenance, he also forbade the servants to take orders from her and completely deprived her of his disposition. However, the queen was with her husband until the last, and he died in her hands. However, Peter I before his death was still angry at officially uttered words about transferring the title to his wife. She became a full-fledged ruler only thanks to the aristocracy, which fiercely fought for its rights on the Russian throne and hoped for the mutual support of the future queen. She was supported by and guards. In fact, Prince Menshikov and the Supreme Privy Council ruled the country.
The meeting of Anna and Peter I was organized by his closest friend Franz Lefortin 1690 or 1691 . According to other sources, they were already lovers by that time. Reliable information about the appearance of Anna Mons has not been preserved. However, her & nbsp; contemporaries claimed that she attracted men with sharpness of mind and & nbsp; coquetry. Moreover, their & nbsp; romance lasted during the period of the legal marriage of the king with & nbsp; Evdokia Lopukhina. The emperor did not hide his passion for his mistress Anna. Moreover, after a long diplomatic mission in Europe (which lasted from 1697 to 1698 year), he first went to Anna and only a week later — to lawful wife.
To to the same, Peter the Great spoiled his passion with gifts. With government money, the tsar built Anna a two-story stone palazzo house with eight windows with a majordomo, servants in liveries; appointed her an annual allowance of 708 rubles, and also gave her his portrait, studded with precious stones (estimated at a thousand rubles) and Dudinskaya volost in Kozelsky district (nowa — region of the Kaluga region). After the vows of Evdokia, the sovereign wanted to legitimize relations with his mistress, but Peter's close circle was against marriage with "a foreigner and the daughter of a wine merchant".
After ten years of their romance, it turned out that Anna had been cheating on the emperor with Saxon envoy Koenigsek. Peter placed Anna and her sister Matryona (as an accomplice of treason) under house arrest. At this time, Prussian envoy Kaiserling became interested in the ex-tsar's mistress. He begged for her hands from the sovereign, but the meeting with Peter I and Menshikov ended in a quarrel: Kaiserling was let down stairs. An international scandal was brewing. However, later, in 1711 , thanks to the art of diplomacy of the Prussian king, Anna and Kaiserling got married. True, a few months after the wedding, the man died. Anna, for three years, sued her husband's older brother for an estate in Courland. She ended up winning the case shortly before her death.
Maria Danilovna Hamilton appeared at the emperor's court in 1713 . Moreover, the slender marvelous beauty was noticed by the second wife of Peter Ekaterina Alekseevna, who later made her her maid of honor. Maria was cunning and far-sighted. She went on an adventure — the girl wanted to become the beloved of the king. Soon the emperor noticed the efforts of the young girl and invited her to the royal chambers.
So she became the sovereign's mistress. After a while, their meetings stopped and Maria began to lead a frivolous lifestyle. In order to regain the favor of the king, the girl had an affair with a batman Ivan Orlov, from whom she subsequently found out information about the life of Peter I. However, relations with Orlov dragged on for several years. During this time, Hamilton realized that she would no longer achieve the favor of the sovereign and fell in love with Orlov. The latter quickly lost interest in her. Then, in order to keep her lover, she stole jewelry from the queen and sold them, and with the proceeds she bought gifts for Orlov and covered his debts. But and it did not help. Ivan began to cheat with Peter's mistress — Avdotya Rzhevskaya.
Out of annoyance, the girl decided to come up with a fable about that Rzhevskaya had once gossiped with Orlov about "flaws" queens. In particular, allegedly Ekaterina Alekseevna eats wax, from which she gets acne on her face. Ivan Orlov, having learned about this, threw himself at the queen's feet and began to convince her of his innocence. Catherine called Hamilton to her and she confessed to everything, fully justifying her lover.
Moreover, according to some reports, Mary strangled the baby, who, possibly, could be the child of the king. After Peter I found out about all the machinations of the young girl, he ordered her to be executed, despite the persuasion of his wife. By order of the king, the girl was beheaded. Hamilton's head was kept in alcohol and kept in Kunstkamera.
According to one of legends, at the end of the 18th century Princess Ekaterina Dashkova, looking through the accounts of the Russian Academy of Sciences, found a large consumption of alcohol, which was used to store two severed heads (Maria Hamilton and Willy Mons) in large glass vessels. The heads were examined by Empress Catherine II and ordered to bury them in the same basement» where they were.
Avdotya Rzhevskaya (Evdokia Chernysheva )
The relationship between Peter I and Rzhevskaya began approximately in 1708 year, when the girl was 15 years old. After a year of their acquaintance, the tsar married Rzhevskaya to officer Grigory Chernyshov, leaving her in the status of his mistress. Avdotya gave birth to the king for 17 years of illegal relations of four daughters and three sons. But due to the riotous lifestyle, the ladies didn recognize the children as royal. By the same to their father could be her husband. But she enjoyed the special favor of the king, thanks to which her sons complained of a lot of money and even villages.
At the same time, having a husband and a constant lover, Rzhevskaya managed to be in a romantic relationship with other men. According to one of versions, she cheated on her men with Ivan Orlov — Maria Hamilton's beloved.
According to General Vilboa, Avdotya's promiscuity allegedly harmed the emperor's health. In narrow circles, she was accused of infecting the king with syphilis. However, this fact is refuted by the fact that the king's favorite after that gave birth to several more children and lived for 20 years.
For the first time, the girl saw the king in 1717 . By that time, her entire family, after the death of her mother, moved from Moscow to Petersburg. Soon her father Dmitry Kantemirmarried Anastasia Trubetskoy. After that, Maria's life changed: she began to go out frequently, take part in balls and other entertainment events. At these celebrations, Peter noticed Mary. She, according to historians, was distinguished by curiosity and erudition, which attracted the king even more. They had an affair, although Maria's father planned to marry her to Prince Ivan Dolgorukov. Maria was seriously carried away by the emperor, but it is unlikely that Cantemir could take the place of an irreplaceable wife and his right hand — Ekaterina Alekseevna.
Dmitry Cantemir, having learned that his daughter was pregnant, tried to legitimize Maria's relationship with the Tsar. Not without the help of the well-known intriguer Count Pyotr Tolstoyhe sent a letter to Catherine, where he informed of his ignorance and non-involvement in the sovereign's extramarital affair with his daughter.
Later, the king went to war Persia, capturing with the retinue Maria and Dmitry. Catherine also accompanied Peter the Great. In July 1722, the emperor left the pregnant princess in Astrakhan, as she did not feel well, and continued on his way to Persia. The war went on for several months. Catherine was afraid that her husband would leave her if Cantemir gave birth to an heir. However, the latter had a premature birth and the newborn died a few hours later. After that, the emperor lost interest in her.
Relations between Peter I and Cantemir resumed in 1724 the year when the tsar found out about the betrayal of his wife with William Mons. However, their communication did not last long, soon the emperor died.
Maria Rumyantseva (Matveeva)
Maria's father was an ambassador to The Hague encouraged the reforms of Peter I in every possible way. Andrey Matveev gave a European education to his three daughters. They fluently spoke French and could have intellectual conversations.
Upon returning to Moscow, Maria and her two sisters actively began to take part in social events. At one of such entertainment events, Peter the Great noticed the 19-year-old beauty Maria Matveeva. He was 27 years older than her and married. Surrounded by numerous mistresses, he had especially deep feelings for Mary, contemporaries noted then. The emperor was very jealous of her and decided to marry her, but on certain conditions. became her husband at the king's wishEmperor's Adjutant General — Andrey Rumyantsev. Peter I explained that he given him numerous villages, a house in Petersburg, a large plot of land in the suburbs, and a promotion in in exchange for the fact that Rumyantsev would tightly control his wife's behavior. Three years after the wedding, Maria gave birth to Rumyantsev three daughters. In 1724, her husband was sent as ambassador extraordinary to Constantinople, and Maria and daughters remained in Moscow. She later gave birth to a son. According to some sources, he could be a child of Peter I, especially since he was also named Peter.
Rumyantseva lived a long life for that time. She died at 89 years, outliving the emperor, her husband and two daughters. Until the end of her days, the woman took an active part in court life and intrigues.
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